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"touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? 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$element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? parseInt($this.attr('height'), 10) : $this.height(), width = !isNaN(parseInt($this.attr( 'width'), 10)) ? parseInt($this .attr('width'), 10) : $this.width(), aspectRatio = height / width; if (!$this.attr('id')) { var videoID = 'fitvid' + Math.floor( Math.random() * 999999); $this.attr('id', videoID); } $this.wrap( '<div class="fluid-width-video-wrapper"></div>' ).parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').css( 'padding-top', (aspectRatio * 100) + "%"); $this.removeAttr('height').removeAttr( 'width'); }); }); }; })(window.jQuery || window.Zepto); </script>

What Makes a Good Black and White Photo

Black and white photography is something which hasn't died.  It's how photography started and it continues to be a force within a predominantly color world.  The rules for creating a great black and white (or monochrome) photograph are different from those for creating a great color photo.  Today we're talking about what makes a great black and white photo.

To start off with, making a color photo into a black and white photo these days is not a difficult task.  Just pull out some photo editing software or a photo editing app, slap on the right filter, and your color photo is now black and white.  It really is that easy.  What's not so easy is recognizing when a photo would look good in black and white.  Fortunately, there's a few easy ways to tell if you know what you're looking for.

1. High Contrast


Photos which have high contrast between the highlights and the shadows don't often look so good in color.  They often look washed-out and shadowy at the same time.  If you were to transform such a photo into a monochrome color scheme, you will probably be rewarded with a much more aesthetically pleasing version as those same high contrasting highlights and shadows become the defining color range of a black and white version.

Cramer Imaging's quality black and white landscape photograph of Jenny Lake reflecting the mountains in Grand Teton National Park Wyoming
This photo was a bit difficult to work with thanks to those very high contrast highlights and shadows.  As soon as the photo went to black and white, it was perfect.

2. Texture Emphasis


Cramer Imaging's quality black and white landscape photograph of the Pacific Ocean under the San Diego California pier
One thing that black and white photography does really well is to emphasize texture.  If there's something like sea foam, rugged rock face, steam clouds, or wood grain displayed prominently in your photo, you might find that you like it better in black and white.

Color can sometimes hide the textural qualities in a photograph.  That's thanks to things like color tones being too close together to visually distinguish the texture.  It happens.

A simple desaturation of the colors present in the photograph will suddenly bring the texture to the forefront of the image and change what you notice about the photo.  It can mean the difference between a passable photograph and a great photograph overall.

3. When Color Is Wrong


Ever see a photo which was just so loud with its colors that it hurt to look at?  I'm sure you have by this point.  Every so often there's a photo which the color just looks loud or some other form of off.  It looks ok but not great.  When those photos come up, try that black and white filter on Snapseed or Photoshop.  You might be surprised to find that the photo looks so much better and much easier on the eyes at the same time.

Cramer Imaging's black and white landscape photograph of Teewinot Mountain in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming
The colors of this photo just weren't looking right.  It wasn't terrible, just not what I was looking for.  Black and white was the way to go.

4. Regular Photo Basics


Just like good color photos, good monochrome photos need to have the basics down.  This includes things like exposure, depth of field, sharpness, and composition.  Without these basics, your black and white photo will be nothing but a black and white photo.  It won't be a good black and white photo.  Make sure that the photo you choose to desaturate has all of these basics down.  Then the filter change will really make the photo sing.

Professional quality fine art photograph of an abstract black and white cloud by Cramer Imaging
Thanks to proper basics, when I turned this not-so-great color photo into black and white, it really became something special.

Conclusion


When you're looking to create a great monochrome photo, you really need to look for a few things.  High contrast, textures, and lack-luster color are good reasons to investigate whether or not the photo you're working with would be a viable candidate for black and white.  As long as it meets the basics of making a good photo otherwise, you should be rewarded with a new and great-looking black and white photograph.

Have some great examples of black and white photos you've taken?  Share them in the comments section below.  We'd love to see what you've got.

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