<script type="text/javascript"> function setAttributeOnload(object, attribute, val) { if(window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }, false); } else { window.attachEvent('onload', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }); } } </script> <div id="navbar-iframe-container"></div> <script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> gapi.load("gapi.iframes:gapi.iframes.style.bubble", function() { if (gapi.iframes && gapi.iframes.getContext) { gapi.iframes.getContext().openChild({ url: 'https://www.blogger.com/navbar.g?targetBlogID\x3d1486494308860355570\x26blogName\x3dCramer+Imaging+Test+Blog\x26publishMode\x3dPUBLISH_MODE_BLOGSPOT\x26navbarType\x3dLIGHT\x26layoutType\x3dLAYOUTS\x26searchRoot\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/search\x26blogLocale\x3den\x26v\x3d2\x26homepageUrl\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/\x26vt\x3d2056425763519506056', where: document.getElementById("navbar-iframe-container"), id: "navbar-iframe" }); } }); </script><script type="text/javascript"> (function() { var script = document.createElement('script'); script.type = 'text/javascript'; script.src = '//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/google_top_exp.js'; var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; if (head) { head.appendChild(script); }})(); </script> <!-- CSS must load first--> <style> /* Search Box ----------------------------------------- */ #searchbox { position: absolute; top: 55px; background: transparent; width: 100%; padding: 10px; display: none; border: none; } #search-height { height: 100%; background: #000; position: fixed; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; top: 98px; opacity: .8; } #hide-search { position: relative; float: right; width: 20px; right: 18px; } #show-search { top: 15px; width: 25px; right: 5px; float: right; position: relative; } /* Social Icons ----------------------------------------- */ .social-icons img { width: 35px; } .social-icons p { position: relative; float: left; font-size: 16px; bottom: 8px; color: #000; font-weight: 700; letter-spacing: 1.5px; } .social-icons { position: relative; height: 40px; width: 250px; } #menu-height { position: relative; height: 15px; } /* Inner Hover Menu ----------------------------------------- */ .prl-offcanvas.prl-active .prl-offcanvas-bar.prl-offcanvas-bar-show { -webkit-transform: translateX(0%); transform: translateX(0%); } .prl-offcanvas-bar-flip { left: auto; right: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(100%); transform: translateX(100%); } .prl-offcanvas .prl-panel { margin: 20px 15px; color: #777; } .prl-offcanvas { /* darken main canvas area when menu is open */ display: none; position: fixed; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; z-index: 1010; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.6); } .prl-offcanvas.prl-active { display: block; } .prl-offcanvas-page { position: fixed; -webkit-transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; } .prl-offcanvas-bar { /* directions to where to slide main canvas to when menu is open */ position: fixed; top: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(-100%); transform: translateX(-100%); z-index: 1011; width: 250px; max-width: 100%; background: #000; overflow-y: auto; overflow-x: hidden; -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; -webkit-transition: -webkit-transform .3s ease-in-out; transition: transform .3s ease-in-out; } .prl-nav-flip { position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .prl-nav-toggle { height: 50px; line-height: 50px; float: left; font-family: Georgia; vertical-align: middle; font-size: 18px; } .textcenter { text-align: center; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a { color: #666; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a span.nav_menu_control_text { line-height: 50px; margin-left: 5px; text-transform: uppercase; } .sf-menu>li>a { font-weight: 400; } /* Menu Section ----------------------------------------- */ .sticky-nav,body.site-wide .sticky-nav { background-color: #000000; /* menu bar color*/ height: 55px; //border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; position: fixed; z-index: 100; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .prl-navbar.sticky-nav .nav-wrapper { -moz-box-shadow: none; -webkit-box-shadow: none; box-shadow: none; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu { margin-bottom: 0; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu>li>a { border: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-content { height: 40px; } .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: block; margin-left: 10px; } .side-nav { position: relative; display: block; top: 0; float: none; } .side-nav ul { width: 250px; list-style: none; //padding: 15px !important; margin: 0; //position: absolute; font-size: 20px; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; } .side-nav ul li { position: relative; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding-top: 8px !important; padding-right: 8px !important; padding-bottom: 8px !important; padding-left: 5px !important; float: none !important; border-top: 1px solid #ffeef8; border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; } #nav-list li { display: inline-block; width: 250px; } #nav-list li a { color: #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding: 5px; font-family: Georgia; float: none; font-size: 20px; display: block; } #nav-list_sub-list li a { padding-left: 30px; } .logo { //float: left; top: 5px; max-width: 280px; left: 20px; padding-top: 12px; } .nav_menu_control { height: 50px; } .nav_menu_control img { width: 30px; top: 17px; left: 5px; } .side-nav ul li:hover { background-color: #440044; } .quickedit { top: 25px; position: relative; } </style> <!--link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://rawgit.com/fahimraza/myblog/master/slideout_mobile_menu_public.css" /--> <nav id="nava" role="navigation" class="sticky-nav" style="top: 0px;"> <!--search box--> <form id="searchbox" method="get" action="/search"> <input name="q" type="text" id="search-in" size="19" value="Search" required /> <input name="m" type="hidden" value="1" /> <button type="submit" class="_54k8 _56bs _56b_ _56bw _56bu" id="u_0_1" data-sigil="touchable"><span class="_55sr">Go!</span></button> <img id="hide-search" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-tKEvMrl1rNg/VlHno1INErI/AAAAAAAAEDM/p6QC4v0mUGg/s1600/rsz_close-icon.jpg" /> <div id="search-height"></div> </form> <!--end of search box--> <div class="prl-container"> <div class="nav-wrapper clearfix"> <!--img id="show-search" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JJaM7cFOVhQ/VlHnpNl_awI/AAAAAAAAEDU/DoJe685oe7w/s1600/rsz_search-icon.png" /--><img id="show-search" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-aA7AhGIh6YY/Vka3Ce0IZXI/AAAAAAAAFXc/nT61INIc5mI/s800-Ic42/magnifying%252520glass.png" /> <div style="float:left;"> <div class="nav_menu_control"><a href="#" data-prl-offcanvas="{target:'#offcanvas'}"><!--img src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pb2BSgtLzLA/VlHnpOZWKCI/AAAAAAAAEDQ/T3ujbHq-QXE/s1600/rsz_mobile-menu-icon.png"/--><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-xn294jeTBkM/VoXAVGz_nnI/AAAAAAAAFqE/dAu9_OaJmpw/s800-Ic42/mobile-menu-icon.png"/></a></div> </div> <div class="container"> <div class="left"> <a href="/?m=1"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-C0LCX6y-TOM/VpBOXOKVGcI/AAAAAAAAFsk/TNrTYHlbxQA/s800-Ic42/title%252520and%252520logo.png" class="logo" alt="Cramer Imaging"/> </a></div> <div class="gradient"> <img width="100%" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-f10MtBqh1gM/Vkbu7xJrLpI/AAAAAAAAFYA/PkrjL8IXSIk/s800-Ic42/Gradient%252520Line.png" /> </div> <div class="clear"></div></div></div></div></nav><div style="clear: both;"></div> <!--Social Media Follow Buttons--> <div id="offcanvas" class="prl-offcanvas"> <div class="prl-offcanvas-bar"> <div class="social-icons" style="padding-top: 5px; background: #fff; padding-left: 5px;"> <p>Follow us: </p> <!--Facebook--> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/CramerImaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-KcO63-AIF3k/VpBBxunfdOI/AAAAAAAAFrg/J-6uoMp5fmw/s800-Ic42/facebook.png" /></a> <!--Twitter> <a href="https://twitter.com/Cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-fWnS_YBm4Fk/VkyJtu17mhI/AAAAAAAAEC0/7ujWxnTR9S0/s1600/Twitter-Logo.png" /></a--> <!--Pinterest--> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-r8pgwWVJKss/VpBBxmQaAbI/AAAAAAAAFrk/AeFzDI8udXk/s800-Ic42/Pinterest.png" /></a> <!--Google Plus--> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/cramerimaging"><!--img border="0" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-JWK2kZI99O4/VkyJRB8aZYI/AAAAAAAAECo/rX64EboMhD4/s1600/rsz_circle-google-plus-128.png" /--><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-TFiWgXBKOU4/VpBBxtajzBI/AAAAAAAAFro/JAoPLJ3rfgg/s800-Ic42/Instagram.png" /></a> <!--end Social Media Follow Buttons--> </div> <!--Menu Navigation--> <nav class="side-nav"> <ul id="nav-list" class="nav-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Home</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Galleries</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/recent-photos.html">New Photos</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/">Nature</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/fineart/">Fine Art</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/album/1220457">Animals</a></li> <li><a href="http://cramerimaging.pixieset.com/">Previews </a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/faq.html?m=1">FAQ</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/index.html?m=1">Blog</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/about-us.html?m=1">About Us</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/artist-statement.html">Artist Statement</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/awards.html">Awards</a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/contact-us.html?m=1">Contact</a></li> </ul> </nav> <!--end Menu Navigation--> </div> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --> <!-- script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.3/jquery.min.js"></script -> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --></div> <script> $(document).ready(function(){ $("#hide-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").hide(); }); $("#show-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").show(); }); }); </script> <div id='menu-height'/> </div> <script> (function($, doc) { "use strict"; var UI = $.UIkit || {}; if (UI.fn) { return; } UI.fn = function(command, options) { var args = arguments, cmd = command.match(/^([a-z\-]+)(?:\.([a-z]+))?/i), component = cmd[1], method = cmd[2]; if (!UI[component]) { $.error("UIkit component [" + component + "] does not exist."); return this; } return this.each(function() { var $this = $(this), data = $this.data(component); if (!data) $this.data(component, (data = new UI[ component](this, method ? undefined : options))); if (method) data[method].apply(data, Array.prototype .slice.call(args, 1)); }); }; UI.version = '1.2.0'; UI.support = {}; UI.support.transition = (function() { var transitionEnd = (function() { var element = doc.body || doc.documentElement, transEndEventNames = { WebkitTransition: 'webkitTransitionEnd', MozTransition: 'transitionend', OTransition: 'oTransitionEnd otransitionend', transition: 'transitionend' }, name; for (name in transEndEventNames) { if (element.style[name] !== undefined) { return transEndEventNames[name]; } } }()); return transitionEnd && { end: transitionEnd }; })(); UI.support.touch = (('ontouchstart' in window) || window.DocumentTouch && document instanceof window.DocumentTouch); UI.support.mutationobserver = (window.MutationObserver || window.WebKitMutationObserver || window.MozMutationObserver || null); UI.Utils = {}; UI.Utils.debounce = function(func, wait, immediate) { var timeout; return function() { var context = this, args = arguments; var later = function() { timeout = null; if (!immediate) func.apply(context, args); }; var callNow = immediate && !timeout; clearTimeout(timeout); timeout = setTimeout(later, wait); if (callNow) func.apply(context, args); }; }; UI.Utils.options = function(string) { if ($.isPlainObject(string)) return string; var start = (string ? string.indexOf("{") : -1), options = {}; if (start != -1) { try { options = (new Function("", "var json = " + string.substr( start) + "; return JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(json));" ))(); } catch (e) {} } return options; }; $.UIkit = UI; $.fn.uk = UI.fn; $.UIkit.langdirection = $("html").attr("dir") == "rtl" ? "right" : "left"; $(function() { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); if (!UI.support.mutationobserver) return; var observer = new UI.support.mutationobserver(UI.Utils.debounce( function(mutations) { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); }, 300)); observer.observe(document.body, { childList: true, subtree: true }); }); })(jQuery, document);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Tab = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("tab")) return; this.element = $element; this.options = $.extend({ connect: false }, this.options, options); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect); } if (window.location.hash) { var active = this.element.children().filter(window.location .hash); if (active.length) { this.element.children().removeClass('prl-active').filter( active).addClass("prl-active"); } } var mobiletab = $( '<li class="prl-tab-responsive prl-active"><a href="javascript:void(0);"></a></li>' ), caption = mobiletab.find("a:first"), dropdown = $( '<div class="prl-dropdown prl-dropdown-small"><ul class="prl-nav prl-nav-dropdown"></ul><div>' ), ul = dropdown.find("ul"); caption.html(this.element.find("li.prl-active:first").find("a") .text()); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-bottom")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-up"); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-flip")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-flip"); this.element.find("a").each(function(i) { var tab = $(this).parent(), item = $('<li><a href="javascript:void(0);">' + tab.text() + '</a></li>').on("click", function(e) { $this.element.data("switcher").show(i); }); if (!$(this).parents(".prl-disabled:first").length) ul.append(item); }); this.element.uk("switcher", { "toggler": ">li:not(.prl-tab-responsive)", "connect": this.options.connect }); mobiletab.append(dropdown).uk("dropdown", { "mode": "click" }); this.element.append(mobiletab).data({ "dropdown": mobiletab.data("dropdown"), "mobilecaption": caption }).on("uk.switcher.show", function(e, tab) { mobiletab.addClass("prl-active"); caption.html(tab.find("a").text()); }); this.element.data("tab", this); }; UI["tab"] = Tab; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-tab]").each(function() { var tab = $(this); if (!tab.data("tab")) { var obj = new Tab(tab, UI.Utils.options(tab .attr("data-prl-tab"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Switcher = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("switcher")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element.on("click", this.options.toggler, function(e) { e.preventDefault(); $this.show(this); }); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect).find(".prl-active").removeClass( ".prl-active").end(); var active = this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active"); if (active.length) { this.show(active); } } this.element.data("switcher", this); }; $.extend(Switcher.prototype, { options: { connect: false, toggler: ">*" }, show: function(tab) { tab = isNaN(tab) ? $(tab) : this.element.find(this.options .toggler).eq(tab); var active = tab; if (active.hasClass("prl-disabled")) return; this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active").removeClass("prl-active"); active.addClass("prl-active"); if (this.options.connect && this.connect.length) { var index = this.element.find(this.options.toggler) .index(active); this.connect.children().removeClass( "prl-active").eq(index).addClass( "prl-active"); } this.element.trigger("uk.switcher.show", [active]); } }); UI["switcher"] = Switcher; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-switcher]").each(function() { var switcher = $(this); if (!switcher.data("switcher")) { var obj = new Switcher(switcher, UI.Utils.options( switcher.attr( "data-prl-switcher"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var active = false, Dropdown = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("dropdown")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element; this.dropdown = this.element.find(".prl-dropdown"); this.centered = this.dropdown.hasClass("prl-dropdown-center"); this.justified = this.options.justify ? $(this.options.justify) : false; this.boundary = $(this.options.boundary); if (!this.boundary.length) { this.boundary = $(window); } if (this.options.mode == "click") { this.element.on("click", function(e) { if (!$(e.target).parents(".prl-dropdown").length) { e.preventDefault(); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } if (!$this.element.hasClass("prl-open")) { $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; $(document).off("click.outer.dropdown"); setTimeout(function() { $(document).on( "click.outer.dropdown", function(e) { if (active && active[0] == $this.element[0] && ($(e.target).is( "a") || !$this.element .find( ".prl-dropdown" ).find(e.target) .length)) { active.removeClass( "prl-open" ); $(document).off( "click.outer.dropdown" ); } }); }, 10); } else { if ($(e.target).is("a") || !$this.element.find( ".prl-dropdown").find(e.target).length) { $this.element.removeClass("prl-open"); active = false; } } }); } else { this.element.on("mouseenter", function(e) { if ($this.remainIdle) { clearTimeout($this.remainIdle); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; }).on("mouseleave", function() { $this.remainIdle = setTimeout(function() { $this.element.removeClass( "prl-open"); $this.remainIdle = false; if (active && active[0] == $this.element[ 0]) active = false; }, $this.options.remaintime); }); } this.element.data("dropdown", this); }; $.extend(Dropdown.prototype, { remainIdle: false, options: { "mode": "hover", "remaintime": 800, "justify": false, "boundary": $(window) }, checkDimensions: function() { if (!this.dropdown.length) return; var dropdown = this.dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit .langdirection, "").css("min-width", ""), offset = dropdown.show().offset(), width = dropdown.outerWidth(), boundarywidth = this.boundary.width(), boundaryoffset = this.boundary.offset() ? this.boundary .offset().left : 0; if (this.centered) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ( parseFloat(width) / 2 - dropdown.parent() .width() / 2) * -1); offset = dropdown.offset(); if ((width + offset.left) > boundarywidth || offset.left < 0) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ""); offset = dropdown.offset(); } } if (this.justified && this.justified.length) { var jwidth = this.justified.outerWidth(); dropdown.css("min-width", jwidth); if ($.UIkit.langdirection == 'right') { var right1 = boundarywidth - (this.justified .offset().left + jwidth), right2 = boundarywidth - (dropdown.offset() .left + dropdown.outerWidth()); dropdown.css("margin-right", right1 - right2); } else { dropdown.css("margin-left", this.justified.offset() .left - offset.left); } offset = dropdown.offset(); } if ((width + (offset.left - boundaryoffset)) > boundarywidth) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-flip"); offset = dropdown.offset(); } if (offset.left < 0) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-stack"); } dropdown.css("display", ""); } }); UI["dropdown"] = Dropdown; var triggerevent = UI.support.touch ? "touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? (window.innerWidth - $win.width()) : 0; scrollpos = { x: window.scrollX, y: window.scrollY }; element.addClass("prl-active"); doc.css({ "width": window.innerWidth, "height": window.innerHeight }).addClass("prl-offcanvas-page"); doc.css("margin-left", ((bar.outerWidth() - scrollbar) * dir)).width(); bar.addClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show").width(); element.off(".ukoffcanvas").on( "click.ukoffcanvas swipeRight.ukoffcanvas swipeLeft.ukoffcanvas", function(e) { var target = $(e.target); if (!e.type.match(/swipe/)) { if (target.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar")) return; if (target.parents( ".prl-offcanvas-bar:first").length) return; } e.stopImmediatePropagation(); Offcanvas.hide(); }); $doc.on('keydown.offcanvas', function(e) { if (e.keyCode === 27) { Offcanvas.hide(); } }); }, hide: function(force) { var doc = $("html"), panel = $(".prl-offcanvas.prl-active"), bar = panel.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"); if (!panel.length) return; if ($.UIkit.support.transition && !force) { doc.one($.UIkit.support.transition.end, function() { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr( "style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); }).css("margin-left", ""); setTimeout(function() { bar.removeClass( "prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); }, 50); } else { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr("style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); bar.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); } panel.off(".ukoffcanvas"); $doc.off(".ukoffcanvas"); } }, scrollpos; var OffcanvasTrigger = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("offcanvas")) return; this.options = $.extend({ "target": $element.is("a") ? $element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? parseInt($this.attr('height'), 10) : $this.height(), width = !isNaN(parseInt($this.attr( 'width'), 10)) ? parseInt($this .attr('width'), 10) : $this.width(), aspectRatio = height / width; if (!$this.attr('id')) { var videoID = 'fitvid' + Math.floor( Math.random() * 999999); $this.attr('id', videoID); } $this.wrap( '<div class="fluid-width-video-wrapper"></div>' ).parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').css( 'padding-top', (aspectRatio * 100) + "%"); $this.removeAttr('height').removeAttr( 'width'); }); }); }; })(window.jQuery || window.Zepto); </script>

5 Tips for Taking Photos in National Parks

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape photograph of the Virgin River and mountains at sunset in Zion's National Park, Utah Over the past couple of years, I've had the opportunity to visit 5 United States National Parks as part of a photography project or simply other business taking me to close proximity.  During these numerous visits I've learned a few things about landscape photography in some the most beautiful places on earth.  Today, I'm sharing my top 5 tips for taking photos in national parks.

5. Listen to Park Ranger Advice


I've learned that park rangers are very familiar with the area which they are assigned to work.  This means that they've probably seen most, if not all, the scenic vistas you might want to photograph.  They can tell you which places are worth visiting no matter how much time you have.  They also know when the most beautiful areas of the park are at their most photogenic.  If you follow this advice, you'll save yourself many hours of scouting the place out yourself.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape photograph of the Virgin River and mountains at sunset in Zion's National Park, Utah

I took this photo of a very iconic part of Zion National Park thanks to park ranger (or should I say tram driver) advice.  I had checked that portion of the park out earlier that day and found the mountains in shadow.  I dismissed it until I heard the tip.  The park ranger knew that the late afternoon light was key to getting this shot.  Because I listened, I now have this beautiful landscape photograph.

4. Don't Go During the Heat of the Day or During Super Crowded Times


Ever been to Yellowstone National Park on Memorial Day?  I have.  It took us no less than 30 minutes to get from the last stoplight (right next to the park border) to the gates about 100 yards into the park.

Yellowstone probably the single biggest national park in the United States and Memorial Day is a very popular time to go.  I didn't get to see many parts of the park which I wanted to see such as the Sulphur Caldron, Grand Prismatic Springs, Tower Falls, and Mammoth Springs.  There just wasn't enough time or parking available for that day trip.

Cramer Imaging's black and white landscape photograph of Old Faithful geyser at Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming
Old Faithful was about the only big feature of Yellowstone which I got to see that day.

I've also been out to desert national parks such as Zion, Bryce Canyon, and Capitol Reef during the heat of the day.  They're still very much deserts despite any elevation changes.  They're still miserable during the heat of a summer day.  I don't want to be out there at all.  I would rather be in an air-conditioned location.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape and nature photograph of Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah at Sunset Point

I got this shot of Bryce Canyon's Sunset Point during a busy August evening.  There was barely room along the edge of the canyon for me to squeeze in with my camera and hand-hold the shot.  The area was full of tourists all taking similar shots to this one.  There were even people on the trail taking selfies while I was taking this shot.  If you want to get good landscape photos, avoid the crowds during peak times of park visitation.  You'll have much more flexibility for your photos.

3. Seek Out Less Visited Locations


Every national park has its popular places to visit.  These are generally easy for most of the public to access without special training or gear.  Every park has its not-so-popular attractions as well.  The majority of these places are difficult to get to or require special gear/training to make the trek.  These less popular attractions are often no less interesting, beautiful, or photogenic.  Often times, they are even more worth the trip for the privacy and flexibility you get in your shooting options.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape photograph of a tree against the red cliffs of Capitol Reef National Park Utah

I've found that visiting less popular locations in less popular national parks still yields beautiful landscape photos.  These landscape photos are more unique as fewer people have something which looks like your photo.  This is easily the case for this photo of Capitol Reef National Park above.  Despite the park's proximity to 2 other more popular parks and position on a major highway, it's one of the less popular parks in the nation.

2. Avoid Dangerous Wildlife


While this should go without say, some people need reminding.  Stay away from the dangerous wildlife.  If it's bigger than you are, it can hurt you no matter how cuddly it might look.  If it has a baby with it, then you had better leave it alone unless you want to risk an angry mother chasing you down.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality nature animal photograph of a grizzly bear leaning on a tree stump in Pocatello, Bannock, Idaho

Yellowstone has a reputation for having bears hover around humans for bad reasons.  It's not the only national park with bears.  I saw some very unhappy park rangers last year in Grand Teton National Park because there were tons of photographers out taking photos of baby bear cubs out for the spring.  Thankfully, the photographers kept their distance from the bears.  However, it could have been an utter disaster if someone had decided to try for that close-up shot.


I've included bison (buffalo) and elk on this list for a reason.  They're big mammals with the ability to seriously injure you with a simple "leave me alone" swat.  People have been sent flying, been impaled, or even died because they messed with the wrong wild animal.  By the way, these are not the only dangerous animals at national parks.  Do your research and find out what you need to look out for in the way of wildlife at the park you will be visiting.

If you're interested in wildlife photography, there's really no better place to get shots of wild animals.  They feel safe from hunting there and many of the predatory animals avoid areas with humans.  However, go for the telephoto or extreme telephoto shot.  Don't risk your personal safety on getting a shot too close to a wild animal.

1. Choose Equipment Carefully as Lots of Equipment Gets Heavy Really Fast


As a photographer, it's really easy to collect camera gear.  It's also really easy to want to take it all with you just in case you need that specialty lens, filter, or other doodad in the field.  I've been there.  I've carted lots of gear around which I don't need.  My spouse can tell you just how much I've packed around on the both of us and just how often I don't use that extra gear.

The truth is that you probably won't need most of that fancy gear for the shot you're going for.  It's just extra unnecessary weight.  It'll drain your energy quicker than if you didn't have it in tow.

Photograph of Cramer Imaging's first professional level DSLR camera gear including several lenses, a camera body, and a flash
All of this gear is heavy and will weigh you down.

If you're planning on taking long hikes for your shot, such as into the Teton Mountains of Grand Teton National Park below, you should take only the bare essentials.  It'll turn into a long, unpleasant, and tiring hike if you don't lighten your load.

Cramer Imaging's black and white landscape photograph of Teewinot Mountain in Grand Teton National Park, Wyoming

If you take the time to empty non-essential camera gear out of your camera bag before embarking on a photo excursion like this, your back and feet will thank you.  I know.  Mine do all the time.

Conclusion


If you want to take amazing photos in national parks, then these 5 tips will help you immensely.  Remember to check with park rangers for good sites and times, avoid the heat of the day and overly crowded days and times, seek out places where other people don't go, avoid dangerous wildlife, and be selective with your camera gear in the field.  With these tips, you'll find that your national park photo excursions go much more smoothly and yield photos you can be proud of.

Got any more tips which we missed?  We'd love to know.  Share them in the comments section below so we all can learn together.


This article contains one or more stock photos you can buy a license to. Shop our stock photo library.

Instagram