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"touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? 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$element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? parseInt($this.attr('height'), 10) : $this.height(), width = !isNaN(parseInt($this.attr( 'width'), 10)) ? parseInt($this .attr('width'), 10) : $this.width(), aspectRatio = height / width; if (!$this.attr('id')) { var videoID = 'fitvid' + Math.floor( Math.random() * 999999); $this.attr('id', videoID); } $this.wrap( '<div class="fluid-width-video-wrapper"></div>' ).parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').css( 'padding-top', (aspectRatio * 100) + "%"); $this.removeAttr('height').removeAttr( 'width'); }); }); }; })(window.jQuery || window.Zepto); </script>

Why Do Photographers Watermark Their Images?

You've seen that writing or stamp in the corners of photos.  Sometimes it's more centered in the photos.  It usually has the name of a photographer or photography company.  It can feel both annoying and like shameless advertising on the part of the photographer.  Why do they do something so annoying to the photos which you've paid for?  That's what we're discussing here today.

To start off with, and for those who don't already know, those marks of the photos described above are called watermarks.  There's a good reason why those appear on lots of professional photography these days, especially online.  This graphic should easily illustrate what a watermark is for those still unfamiliar with what they are.

Cramer Imaging's illustration of what watermarks on photographs are using a landscape photo as an example

Watermarks on photos, graphics, videos, and other forms of visual media serve two simple purposes: the first is to give credit to the creator and the second is to dissuade people from infringing on the copyright of said creator.

Crediting the Creator


While this may seem like a shameless advertising plug on the part of the creator, and it kinda is, there's a good reason for adding a watermark to an image.  If you like what you see and have a need for the kind of visual media which the creator makes, then you have a good idea of where to start looking for them.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the sun rising over a green and flowering potato field in Aberdeen, Idaho
If you like this photo which I created for a client and want me to create photos like it for you, the watermark will help you find me.
There are other ways of giving credit where credit is due, such as with captions, but lots of photos are viewed detached from where the captions would be.  If you run a search for a landscape photo of Bryce Canyon, run into one of my photos and like it, you might find your way onto my webpage or one of my social media accounts.  You might not.  With a watermark in place in the photo, you are guaranteed to have a place to start looking for me if you wish to hire me for my photography work or buy my photo.  Google, Bing, or other search engines can do the rest for you.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the sun rising over Bryce Canyon National Park Utah on the summer solstice
Like this photo?  Want to buy a print?  My watermark will lead you to my store where I have all my landscape photos for sale.
I've seen one image I created get reposted a ton of different places.  You might not be able to track me down without the watermark since not all reposts of that image give a hyperlink to my website or even credit to me for creating the image.  With the watermark present, you have my company name to search for if you choose to do so.  It doesn't matter so much if the reposting website gives me credit since I incorporated the watermark.

Dissuading Copyright Violation


This particular topic might sting a bit for some people.  However, it is a hugely relevant point.  Thanks to the internet and social media, copyright infringement of digital and audio media has become rampant.  Most creators, such as myself, want credit for their efforts.  Many creators, such as myself, are trying to make a living off of our creative endeavors.  We can't do so if you violate our copyright.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of a waterfall cascading down onto rocks with moss and plants in Twin Falls Idaho
I make my living off of taking photos like this.  Copyright violations prevent me from feeding my family.
Ok, that probably sounds really harsh and vague.  Let's take the example of a portrait photographer who I ran across in a Facebook group I'm a member of.  She had done some portraits for a family, which they were pleased with, and she had uploaded those photos to her Facebook page.  Later, she received a communication from her client asking her to remove the watermark from the portraits she had posted of the client's family so that the client's mother could download them from Facebook and take them to Walgreens to print.  This is a severe copyright infringement attempt on the part of the mother and the client.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape photograph of a farm field and equipment with colorful clouds in Rexburg, Madison, Idaho
I'm very particular about letting other people have access to my photos for printing or otherwise.
That photographer is trying to pay her bills and feed her family off her photography endeavors in portraiture.  If she allowed the client's mother to download and print the photos at Walgreens, then Walgreens gets the money for the prints, not the photographer herself.  The photographer is out the money to feed her family.  Naturally, the photographer said 'no' to this request.

Cramer Imaging's quality landscape photograph of the West Thumb of Yellowstone Lake in Yellowstone National Park Wyoming
Watermarks, and other forms of copyright protection like metadata, often keep the honest people honest rather than dissuade those intent on stealing a creator's work.  Still they help a great deal in that area.
Copyright infringement can be a very expensive and serious legal headache.  If this client had pursued the infringement attempt further, there could have been some legal nightmare in store thanks to the terms and conditions of the portrait contract she had signed with the photographer.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of a waterfall on Virgin River in Court of the Patriarchs in Zion National Park Utah
If you didn't already notice, I tend to watermark all the photos I upload to the internet for this reason.
If you would like to read up more about copyright and copyright infringement, I've got an article discussing that very topic.  Use the link above to read up more on that topic if you'd like a more in-depth approach to copyright issues.

Conclusion


Those annoying watermarks are placed in visual media (such as photos, graphics, videos, etc.) for a reason.  The give credit to the creator and they dissuade people from stealing the media and reproducing it without permission.

Those watermarks may be in your face but they're not going anywhere anytime soon.  They've been a part of the community for years.

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