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"touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? 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$element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? 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How to Create Sunbursts in Your Photos

I'm sure you've seen those photos showing the sun appearing to have rays shooting out from it.  Those sun rays can be the extra special something which really takes a landscape photo from superior to outstanding.  Have you ever wondered how to create those sunburst or sun star looks in your photos?  Today, we're sharing the secret behind how to create this stunning phenomenon.

The Requirements


This particular look in a photo is actually deceptively simple to create.  There's only about three things you need to make it work.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the sun rising over Bryce Canyon National Park Utah on the summer solstice

The Sun


Creating a sun star or a sunburst in a photo obviously requires a sunny day.  You can't have rays shooting out from the sun without the sun.  Sunbeams and crepuscular rays (beams of light shooting through clouds) don't count.  There is nothing atmospheric or meteorological about this trick.  This phenomenon is done entirely in camera.

Cramer Imaging's landscape photograph of a quaking aspen grove of trees near Alta, Wyoming with a sunburst or sun star

You must be shooting on a sunny day or a partly sunny day with the sun visible in the sky.  It cannot be hidden behind clouds for this to work.  Midday will also be difficult to work with due to the sun's position in the sky.  Early morning or late afternoon would be much more ideal times to shoot.

High Aperture


If you use a high f-stop number, or a tiny hole for light to pass through, you can turn the sun into a star in the sky with several rays radiating out from the central disk.  We will be using this trick to create the sunburst effect.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the sun rising over Inspiration Point in Bryce Canyon National Park Utah

You need the ability to stop the aperture down in order to set this up.  To do so, you will need to be in Aperture Priority or Manual Mode on your camera.  The effect will start somewhere around f/16 but I would go with at least f/22 to be sure that you get the effect you're looking for.

An Edge to Shoot Against


If you want these rays you're creating to be visible in your photo, then you need something for them to contrast against.  This is where you need an edge.

The horizon at sunrise or sunset is a popular choice for this kind of photo but you don't need to use the horizon in order to get the look.  Anything with a hard line edge will do.

Photograph of a potato processing plant with railroad car in front and sunburst in Aberdeen Idaho by Cramer Imaging

Simply position yourself so that the edge you are using cuts across the disk of the sun, with the high aperture setting, and start shooting.  It's that simple.

Depending upon how things work while shooting into the sun, you may need to move so that less of the sun is shinning directly into your sensor.  This will reduce refraction spots and will brighten the rest of the scene in front of you.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the sun rising over a green and flowering potato field in Aberdeen, Idaho

This is all you need to do to create those sun star sunbursts in your photos.  The rays will display onto the darker area of that edge.  By the way, if you manage to find a double edge, you get bonus points for your landscape photo.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of American Falls reservoir at sunset with a sunburst in Idaho

Conclusion


Creating the sun star look or the sunburst look in your landscape and nature photos is simply about having a tiny aperture, a sunny day, and an edge to shoot the sun against.  Some photography techniques are difficult or require special expensive gear to achieve.  This one, thankfully, is just that easy to do with a beginner's camera and kit.

Have you taken any sunburst photos?  We'd love to check them out.  Share them in the comments section below so we can all enjoy.


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