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What is Considered Landscape Photography?

Landscape photography.  It's a staple of a sub-genre in the over-arching category of photography.  It is often also considered a form of fine art photography.  We see landscape photography everywhere.  However, "landscape photography" is a rather broad term.  What exactly is considered landscape photography?  Today, we demystify it for you.

Definition of Landscape Photography


Let's start with the dictionary definition of landscape photography.  The dictionary is a good place to start when looking for a straight definition of a word or term.

Cramer Imaging's quality landscape photograph of the Palisades reservoir lake at twilight in Idaho
Landscape photography commonly involves daylight photography of natural features of land, sky and waters, at a distance—though some landscapes may involve subjects in a scenic setting nearby, even close-up, and sometimes at night.

Photography of artificial scenery, such as farm fields, orchards, gardens and architecture, may be considered "landscape" photography as well.  Even the presence of man-made structures (buildings, roads and bridges, etc.) or art (such as sculpture) may be considered "landscape" if presented in artistic settings or appearing (or photographed) in artistic style.

Further, landscape photography is typically of relatively stationary subjects—arguably a form of "still life."  This tends to simplify the task, as opposed to photography of kinetic or live subjects.  However, landscape photography often overlaps the activity of wildlife photography and the two terms are used somewhat interchangeably; both wildlife and landscapes may be elements of the same picture or body of work.

Cramer Imaging's landscape photograph of windmills or wind turbines in a field at sunset in Ririe, Idaho

Styles of Landscape Photography


Since our question is what is considered landscape photography, we should also take a bit of time and highlight several of the sub-genres which fall under the landscape photography heading.

Representational


Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape photograph of mountains and a cabin reflecting in Henry's Lake at dawn

Representational landscape photography strives to present the viewer with an accurate depiction of the scene in front of the camera.  It is not stylized.  It is not abstracted.  It is probably enhanced to better meet the photographer's vision of the scene rather than what the camera records (which is different than what the human eye sees).

Impressionistic


Cramer Imaging's fine art photograph of two hot air balloons taking flight in Panguitch Utah over a farm field and mountains

Impressionistic landscape photography seeks to present the viewer with a particular mood when viewing the photo.  Colors may be altered to be brighter or more muted for example.  It is still somewhat representational of the scene but takes some liberties with the captured scene in order to create the mood the photographer wants to convey with the photo.

Abstract


Cramer Imaging's professional quality fine art photograph of colored water and foam dripping in sheets in Idaho Falls, Bonneville, Idaho

Abstract landscape photography can easily be confused with abstract photography if you don't know what you're looking at.  Abstract landscape photography uses a landscape but completely loses any representational elements in favor of abstracting to a mood.  You may recognize that an abstract landscape photo is a landscape photo or you may not.  It's all abstract.

Sub-Genres of Landscape Photography


There are several sub-genres in the landscape photography header.  They can use any of the styles listed above.  To make things easy, I'm including a photo example of each kind of landscape photography sub-genre I have in my portfolio.

Panorama Photography
Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape panorama photograph of the sky and moon reflecting in Henry's Lake at dawn with blue and golden hours
Panoramas feature wider landscapes than can fit in a single frame.  They are most prominent in several genres of landscape photography such as the traditional landscape, urban, seascape, rural, and skyscape photos.

Common Landscape Photography Subjects


The amount of subjects for landscape photography is as wide and numerous as the kinds of landscape available for photographing.  Here I've tried to list off the main subjects you will see in common landscape photography.


Other common landscape photography subjects are icebergs, the Borealis (Northern or Southern), grasslands, volcanoes/lava, lightning, tornadoes, islands, and more.  I don't have these kinds of photos currently or I would be showing them.


Other Elements of a Landscape Photograph


The next natural point of discussion in what is considered landscape photography is what elements can be included in a landscape photograph and still be a landscape photograph.  Here, we've got several examples of elements which can and do get included in landscape photography.


Conclusion


What is considered landscape photography is a wide and diverse range of subjects.  It can be a wild, rural, or urban scene.  It can be day or night in a landscape photo.  Man-made elements and animals are permitted and common in landscape photography.  It is a wider and relatively stationary scene which the photographer captures.

I actually found it difficult to try and define "landscape photography" for myself.  I found that it's more of "I know it when I see it" kind of situation.  Still, I hope that this helps you better understand what is considered landscape photography so you can better recognize it when you see it.


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