<script type="text/javascript"> function setAttributeOnload(object, attribute, val) { if(window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }, false); } else { window.attachEvent('onload', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }); } } </script> <div id="navbar-iframe-container"></div> <script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> gapi.load("gapi.iframes:gapi.iframes.style.bubble", function() { if (gapi.iframes && gapi.iframes.getContext) { gapi.iframes.getContext().openChild({ url: 'https://www.blogger.com/navbar.g?targetBlogID\x3d1486494308860355570\x26blogName\x3dCramer+Imaging+Test+Blog\x26publishMode\x3dPUBLISH_MODE_BLOGSPOT\x26navbarType\x3dLIGHT\x26layoutType\x3dLAYOUTS\x26searchRoot\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/search\x26blogLocale\x3den\x26v\x3d2\x26homepageUrl\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/\x26vt\x3d2056425763519506056', where: document.getElementById("navbar-iframe-container"), id: "navbar-iframe" }); } }); </script><script type="text/javascript"> (function() { var script = document.createElement('script'); script.type = 'text/javascript'; script.src = '//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/google_top_exp.js'; var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; if (head) { head.appendChild(script); }})(); </script> <!-- CSS must load first--> <style> /* Search Box ----------------------------------------- */ #searchbox { position: absolute; top: 55px; background: transparent; width: 100%; padding: 10px; display: none; border: none; } #search-height { height: 100%; background: #000; position: fixed; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; top: 98px; opacity: .8; } #hide-search { position: relative; float: right; width: 20px; right: 18px; } #show-search { top: 15px; width: 25px; right: 5px; float: right; position: relative; } /* Social Icons ----------------------------------------- */ .social-icons img { width: 35px; } .social-icons p { position: relative; float: left; font-size: 16px; bottom: 8px; color: #000; font-weight: 700; letter-spacing: 1.5px; } .social-icons { position: relative; height: 40px; width: 250px; } #menu-height { position: relative; height: 15px; } /* Inner Hover Menu ----------------------------------------- */ .prl-offcanvas.prl-active .prl-offcanvas-bar.prl-offcanvas-bar-show { -webkit-transform: translateX(0%); transform: translateX(0%); } .prl-offcanvas-bar-flip { left: auto; right: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(100%); transform: translateX(100%); } .prl-offcanvas .prl-panel { margin: 20px 15px; color: #777; } .prl-offcanvas { /* darken main canvas area when menu is open */ display: none; position: fixed; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; z-index: 1010; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.6); } .prl-offcanvas.prl-active { display: block; } .prl-offcanvas-page { position: fixed; -webkit-transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; } .prl-offcanvas-bar { /* directions to where to slide main canvas to when menu is open */ position: fixed; top: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(-100%); transform: translateX(-100%); z-index: 1011; width: 250px; max-width: 100%; background: #000; overflow-y: auto; overflow-x: hidden; -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; -webkit-transition: -webkit-transform .3s ease-in-out; transition: transform .3s ease-in-out; } .prl-nav-flip { position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .prl-nav-toggle { height: 50px; line-height: 50px; float: left; font-family: Georgia; vertical-align: middle; font-size: 18px; } .textcenter { text-align: center; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a { color: #666; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a span.nav_menu_control_text { line-height: 50px; margin-left: 5px; text-transform: uppercase; } .sf-menu>li>a { font-weight: 400; } /* Menu Section ----------------------------------------- */ .sticky-nav,body.site-wide .sticky-nav { background-color: #000000; /* menu bar color*/ height: 55px; //border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; position: fixed; z-index: 100; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .prl-navbar.sticky-nav .nav-wrapper { -moz-box-shadow: none; -webkit-box-shadow: none; box-shadow: none; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu { margin-bottom: 0; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu>li>a { border: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-content { height: 40px; } .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: block; margin-left: 10px; } .side-nav { position: relative; display: block; top: 0; float: none; } .side-nav ul { width: 250px; list-style: none; //padding: 15px !important; margin: 0; //position: absolute; font-size: 20px; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; } .side-nav ul li { position: relative; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding-top: 8px !important; padding-right: 8px !important; padding-bottom: 8px !important; padding-left: 5px !important; float: none !important; border-top: 1px solid #ffeef8; border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; } #nav-list li { display: inline-block; width: 250px; } #nav-list li a { color: #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding: 5px; font-family: Georgia; float: none; font-size: 20px; display: block; } #nav-list_sub-list li a { padding-left: 30px; } .logo { //float: left; top: 5px; max-width: 280px; left: 20px; padding-top: 12px; } .nav_menu_control { height: 50px; } .nav_menu_control img { width: 30px; top: 17px; left: 5px; } .side-nav ul li:hover { background-color: #440044; } .quickedit { top: 25px; position: relative; } </style> <!--link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://rawgit.com/fahimraza/myblog/master/slideout_mobile_menu_public.css" /--> <nav id="nava" role="navigation" class="sticky-nav" style="top: 0px;"> <!--search box--> <form id="searchbox" method="get" action="/search"> <input name="q" type="text" id="search-in" size="19" value="Search" required /> <input name="m" type="hidden" value="1" /> <button type="submit" class="_54k8 _56bs _56b_ _56bw _56bu" id="u_0_1" data-sigil="touchable"><span class="_55sr">Go!</span></button> <img id="hide-search" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-tKEvMrl1rNg/VlHno1INErI/AAAAAAAAEDM/p6QC4v0mUGg/s1600/rsz_close-icon.jpg" /> <div id="search-height"></div> </form> <!--end of search box--> <div class="prl-container"> <div class="nav-wrapper clearfix"> <!--img id="show-search" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JJaM7cFOVhQ/VlHnpNl_awI/AAAAAAAAEDU/DoJe685oe7w/s1600/rsz_search-icon.png" /--><img id="show-search" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-aA7AhGIh6YY/Vka3Ce0IZXI/AAAAAAAAFXc/nT61INIc5mI/s800-Ic42/magnifying%252520glass.png" /> <div style="float:left;"> <div class="nav_menu_control"><a href="#" data-prl-offcanvas="{target:'#offcanvas'}"><!--img src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pb2BSgtLzLA/VlHnpOZWKCI/AAAAAAAAEDQ/T3ujbHq-QXE/s1600/rsz_mobile-menu-icon.png"/--><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-xn294jeTBkM/VoXAVGz_nnI/AAAAAAAAFqE/dAu9_OaJmpw/s800-Ic42/mobile-menu-icon.png"/></a></div> </div> <div class="container"> <div class="left"> <a href="/?m=1"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-C0LCX6y-TOM/VpBOXOKVGcI/AAAAAAAAFsk/TNrTYHlbxQA/s800-Ic42/title%252520and%252520logo.png" class="logo" alt="Cramer Imaging"/> </a></div> <div class="gradient"> <img width="100%" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-f10MtBqh1gM/Vkbu7xJrLpI/AAAAAAAAFYA/PkrjL8IXSIk/s800-Ic42/Gradient%252520Line.png" /> </div> <div class="clear"></div></div></div></div></nav><div style="clear: both;"></div> <!--Social Media Follow Buttons--> <div id="offcanvas" class="prl-offcanvas"> <div class="prl-offcanvas-bar"> <div class="social-icons" style="padding-top: 5px; background: #fff; padding-left: 5px;"> <p>Follow us: </p> <!--Facebook--> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/CramerImaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-KcO63-AIF3k/VpBBxunfdOI/AAAAAAAAFrg/J-6uoMp5fmw/s800-Ic42/facebook.png" /></a> <!--Twitter> <a href="https://twitter.com/Cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-fWnS_YBm4Fk/VkyJtu17mhI/AAAAAAAAEC0/7ujWxnTR9S0/s1600/Twitter-Logo.png" /></a--> <!--Pinterest--> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-r8pgwWVJKss/VpBBxmQaAbI/AAAAAAAAFrk/AeFzDI8udXk/s800-Ic42/Pinterest.png" /></a> <!--Instagram--> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-TFiWgXBKOU4/VpBBxtajzBI/AAAAAAAAFro/JAoPLJ3rfgg/s800-Ic42/Instagram.png" /></a> <!--end Social Media Follow Buttons--> </div> <!--Menu Navigation--> <nav class="side-nav"> <ul id="nav-list" class="nav-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Home</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Galleries</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/recent-photos.html">New Photos</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/">Nature</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/fineart/">Fine Art</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/album/1220457">Animals</a></li> <li><a href="http://cramerimaging.pixieset.com/">Previews </a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/faq.html?m=1">FAQ</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/index.html?m=1">Blog</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/about-us.html?m=1">About Us</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/artist-statement.html">Artist Statement</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/awards.html">Awards</a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/contact-us.html?m=1">Contact</a></li> </ul> </nav> <!--end Menu Navigation--> </div> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --> <!-- script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.3/jquery.min.js"></script -> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --></div> <script> $(document).ready(function(){ $("#hide-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").hide(); }); $("#show-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").show(); }); }); </script> <div id='menu-height'/> </div> <script> (function($, doc) { "use strict"; var UI = $.UIkit || {}; if (UI.fn) { return; } UI.fn = function(command, options) { var args = arguments, cmd = command.match(/^([a-z\-]+)(?:\.([a-z]+))?/i), component = cmd[1], method = cmd[2]; if (!UI[component]) { $.error("UIkit component [" + component + "] does not exist."); return this; } return this.each(function() { var $this = $(this), data = $this.data(component); if (!data) $this.data(component, (data = new UI[ component](this, method ? undefined : options))); if (method) data[method].apply(data, Array.prototype .slice.call(args, 1)); }); }; UI.version = '1.2.0'; UI.support = {}; UI.support.transition = (function() { var transitionEnd = (function() { var element = doc.body || doc.documentElement, transEndEventNames = { WebkitTransition: 'webkitTransitionEnd', MozTransition: 'transitionend', OTransition: 'oTransitionEnd otransitionend', transition: 'transitionend' }, name; for (name in transEndEventNames) { if (element.style[name] !== undefined) { return transEndEventNames[name]; } } }()); return transitionEnd && { end: transitionEnd }; })(); UI.support.touch = (('ontouchstart' in window) || window.DocumentTouch && document instanceof window.DocumentTouch); UI.support.mutationobserver = (window.MutationObserver || window.WebKitMutationObserver || window.MozMutationObserver || null); UI.Utils = {}; UI.Utils.debounce = function(func, wait, immediate) { var timeout; return function() { var context = this, args = arguments; var later = function() { timeout = null; if (!immediate) func.apply(context, args); }; var callNow = immediate && !timeout; clearTimeout(timeout); timeout = setTimeout(later, wait); if (callNow) func.apply(context, args); }; }; UI.Utils.options = function(string) { if ($.isPlainObject(string)) return string; var start = (string ? string.indexOf("{") : -1), options = {}; if (start != -1) { try { options = (new Function("", "var json = " + string.substr( start) + "; return JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(json));" ))(); } catch (e) {} } return options; }; $.UIkit = UI; $.fn.uk = UI.fn; $.UIkit.langdirection = $("html").attr("dir") == "rtl" ? "right" : "left"; $(function() { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); if (!UI.support.mutationobserver) return; var observer = new UI.support.mutationobserver(UI.Utils.debounce( function(mutations) { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); }, 300)); observer.observe(document.body, { childList: true, subtree: true }); }); })(jQuery, document);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Tab = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("tab")) return; this.element = $element; this.options = $.extend({ connect: false }, this.options, options); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect); } if (window.location.hash) { var active = this.element.children().filter(window.location .hash); if (active.length) { this.element.children().removeClass('prl-active').filter( active).addClass("prl-active"); } } var mobiletab = $( '<li class="prl-tab-responsive prl-active"><a href="javascript:void(0);"></a></li>' ), caption = mobiletab.find("a:first"), dropdown = $( '<div class="prl-dropdown prl-dropdown-small"><ul class="prl-nav prl-nav-dropdown"></ul><div>' ), ul = dropdown.find("ul"); caption.html(this.element.find("li.prl-active:first").find("a") .text()); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-bottom")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-up"); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-flip")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-flip"); this.element.find("a").each(function(i) { var tab = $(this).parent(), item = $('<li><a href="javascript:void(0);">' + tab.text() + '</a></li>').on("click", function(e) { $this.element.data("switcher").show(i); }); if (!$(this).parents(".prl-disabled:first").length) ul.append(item); }); this.element.uk("switcher", { "toggler": ">li:not(.prl-tab-responsive)", "connect": this.options.connect }); mobiletab.append(dropdown).uk("dropdown", { "mode": "click" }); this.element.append(mobiletab).data({ "dropdown": mobiletab.data("dropdown"), "mobilecaption": caption }).on("uk.switcher.show", function(e, tab) { mobiletab.addClass("prl-active"); caption.html(tab.find("a").text()); }); this.element.data("tab", this); }; UI["tab"] = Tab; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-tab]").each(function() { var tab = $(this); if (!tab.data("tab")) { var obj = new Tab(tab, UI.Utils.options(tab .attr("data-prl-tab"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Switcher = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("switcher")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element.on("click", this.options.toggler, function(e) { e.preventDefault(); $this.show(this); }); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect).find(".prl-active").removeClass( ".prl-active").end(); var active = this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active"); if (active.length) { this.show(active); } } this.element.data("switcher", this); }; $.extend(Switcher.prototype, { options: { connect: false, toggler: ">*" }, show: function(tab) { tab = isNaN(tab) ? $(tab) : this.element.find(this.options .toggler).eq(tab); var active = tab; if (active.hasClass("prl-disabled")) return; this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active").removeClass("prl-active"); active.addClass("prl-active"); if (this.options.connect && this.connect.length) { var index = this.element.find(this.options.toggler) .index(active); this.connect.children().removeClass( "prl-active").eq(index).addClass( "prl-active"); } this.element.trigger("uk.switcher.show", [active]); } }); UI["switcher"] = Switcher; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-switcher]").each(function() { var switcher = $(this); if (!switcher.data("switcher")) { var obj = new Switcher(switcher, UI.Utils.options( switcher.attr( "data-prl-switcher"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var active = false, Dropdown = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("dropdown")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element; this.dropdown = this.element.find(".prl-dropdown"); this.centered = this.dropdown.hasClass("prl-dropdown-center"); this.justified = this.options.justify ? $(this.options.justify) : false; this.boundary = $(this.options.boundary); if (!this.boundary.length) { this.boundary = $(window); } if (this.options.mode == "click") { this.element.on("click", function(e) { if (!$(e.target).parents(".prl-dropdown").length) { e.preventDefault(); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } if (!$this.element.hasClass("prl-open")) { $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; $(document).off("click.outer.dropdown"); setTimeout(function() { $(document).on( "click.outer.dropdown", function(e) { if (active && active[0] == $this.element[0] && ($(e.target).is( "a") || !$this.element .find( ".prl-dropdown" ).find(e.target) .length)) { active.removeClass( "prl-open" ); $(document).off( "click.outer.dropdown" ); } }); }, 10); } else { if ($(e.target).is("a") || !$this.element.find( ".prl-dropdown").find(e.target).length) { $this.element.removeClass("prl-open"); active = false; } } }); } else { this.element.on("mouseenter", function(e) { if ($this.remainIdle) { clearTimeout($this.remainIdle); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; }).on("mouseleave", function() { $this.remainIdle = setTimeout(function() { $this.element.removeClass( "prl-open"); $this.remainIdle = false; if (active && active[0] == $this.element[ 0]) active = false; }, $this.options.remaintime); }); } this.element.data("dropdown", this); }; $.extend(Dropdown.prototype, { remainIdle: false, options: { "mode": "hover", "remaintime": 800, "justify": false, "boundary": $(window) }, checkDimensions: function() { if (!this.dropdown.length) return; var dropdown = this.dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit .langdirection, "").css("min-width", ""), offset = dropdown.show().offset(), width = dropdown.outerWidth(), boundarywidth = this.boundary.width(), boundaryoffset = this.boundary.offset() ? this.boundary .offset().left : 0; if (this.centered) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ( parseFloat(width) / 2 - dropdown.parent() .width() / 2) * -1); offset = dropdown.offset(); if ((width + offset.left) > boundarywidth || offset.left < 0) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ""); offset = dropdown.offset(); } } if (this.justified && this.justified.length) { var jwidth = this.justified.outerWidth(); dropdown.css("min-width", jwidth); if ($.UIkit.langdirection == 'right') { var right1 = boundarywidth - (this.justified .offset().left + jwidth), right2 = boundarywidth - (dropdown.offset() .left + dropdown.outerWidth()); dropdown.css("margin-right", right1 - right2); } else { dropdown.css("margin-left", this.justified.offset() .left - offset.left); } offset = dropdown.offset(); } if ((width + (offset.left - boundaryoffset)) > boundarywidth) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-flip"); offset = dropdown.offset(); } if (offset.left < 0) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-stack"); } dropdown.css("display", ""); } }); UI["dropdown"] = Dropdown; var triggerevent = UI.support.touch ? "touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? (window.innerWidth - $win.width()) : 0; scrollpos = { x: window.scrollX, y: window.scrollY }; element.addClass("prl-active"); doc.css({ "width": window.innerWidth, "height": window.innerHeight }).addClass("prl-offcanvas-page"); doc.css("margin-left", ((bar.outerWidth() - scrollbar) * dir)).width(); bar.addClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show").width(); element.off(".ukoffcanvas").on( "click.ukoffcanvas swipeRight.ukoffcanvas swipeLeft.ukoffcanvas", function(e) { var target = $(e.target); if (!e.type.match(/swipe/)) { if (target.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar")) return; if (target.parents( ".prl-offcanvas-bar:first").length) return; } e.stopImmediatePropagation(); Offcanvas.hide(); }); $doc.on('keydown.offcanvas', function(e) { if (e.keyCode === 27) { Offcanvas.hide(); } }); }, hide: function(force) { var doc = $("html"), panel = $(".prl-offcanvas.prl-active"), bar = panel.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"); if (!panel.length) return; if ($.UIkit.support.transition && !force) { doc.one($.UIkit.support.transition.end, function() { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr( "style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); }).css("margin-left", ""); setTimeout(function() { bar.removeClass( "prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); }, 50); } else { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr("style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); bar.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); } panel.off(".ukoffcanvas"); $doc.off(".ukoffcanvas"); } }, scrollpos; var OffcanvasTrigger = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("offcanvas")) return; this.options = $.extend({ "target": $element.is("a") ? $element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? parseInt($this.attr('height'), 10) : $this.height(), width = !isNaN(parseInt($this.attr( 'width'), 10)) ? parseInt($this .attr('width'), 10) : $this.width(), aspectRatio = height / width; if (!$this.attr('id')) { var videoID = 'fitvid' + Math.floor( Math.random() * 999999); $this.attr('id', videoID); } $this.wrap( '<div class="fluid-width-video-wrapper"></div>' ).parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').css( 'padding-top', (aspectRatio * 100) + "%"); $this.removeAttr('height').removeAttr( 'width'); }); }); }; })(window.jQuery || window.Zepto); </script>

What is 'Blue Hour'?

When my husband was very young, he noticed that there was a particular time of day, just before night fell completely, where the light would take on a distinct blue cast.  He called it "the blue time."  His parents thought he was being silly and just dismissed it.  It turns out that he was onto something.  However, it's not called "the blue time," it's called blue hour and it's important in photography circles.  Today, we're discussing what blue hour is.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of the American Falls, Idaho reservoir in the winter at sunset

In my last 2 articles, I talked about golden hour and it's importance to the world of photography.  If you need to catch up, check out these links here on what golden hour is and why photographers use it.  Seriously, if you don't already know, please read up.  I'll be referencing golden hour quite a bit here.

What is the "Blue Hour?"


Just like golden hour, the blue hour is not an actual hour block of time.  It is actually 2 windows in a day, totaling almost an hour, where the sun below the horizon and the only light we get from it is indirect.  We lose out on many of the longer wavelengths of light (such as reds, oranges, and yellows) and we only see the shorter wavelengths (greens, blues, and purples).  This is why this time of day/night has such a blue cast to it.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape closeup photograph of a red moon rising over a rock formation of Bryce Canyon National Park Utah

The time blocks of blue hour are approximately as follows:

Time of Day Approx. Start Time Approx. End Time
Sunrise 30 min preceding 15 min preceding
Sunset 60 min following 90 min following

* Please note that these times are plus or minus a few minutes as each day's a little bit different.  Seasons and weather (cloud cover) make an impact on these windows as well.

Cramer Imaging's fine art landscape photograph of a tree reflecting in the water of Wide Hollow Reservoir Escalante Utah at twilight

If you need a demonstration of the difference between blue hour and golden hour, I can't think of a better picture to show you both and the transition between than this panorama below.  You will see blue hour to the right and you will also see the light quality transitioning to golden hour as you travel to the left.  The far left shows golden hour.

Cramer Imaging's professional quality landscape panorama photograph of the sky and moon reflecting in Henry's Lake at dawn with blue and golden hours

How to Track Blue Hour


Screenshot of Golden Hour for Android
These days, there are plenty of options out there to help you track both golden hour and blue hour.  Both windows depend highly upon your location and time of year.  This is why you will need to enter both a location and a date into any tracking applications you choose to use.  Some may do this for you but both variables are required in order to make the equation works.

I happen to use an app called Golden Hour which is available for Android on the Google Play Store.  This app will not only give me the times of each blue hour, but also several other marked times of day such as twilight and full dark.  I refer to this app frequently when I'm planning a photo shoot so I can make enough time to arrive and still have the best light ahead of me.

There are plenty of other options out there for tracking blue hour.  This is one of the more popular apps out there for photographers of all kinds.  A simple search of your app store of choice or an internet search will yield plenty of results for you to choose from.

Conclusion


Blue hour is a less popular, though no less useful, window of time for mainly landscape and nature photographers.  You won't see many others out there because of the limitations the light presents in addition to some of the time constraints (VERY early mornings).  Blue hour bookends golden hour every day and can be tracked using both free and paid apps which feature it (most do).

So, the next time you see some straggler photographers hanging out after sunset and golden hour is over, you know that they're after some blue hour photos which can be just as amazing as golden hour shots.

Instagram