<script type="text/javascript"> function setAttributeOnload(object, attribute, val) { if(window.addEventListener) { window.addEventListener('load', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }, false); } else { window.attachEvent('onload', function(){ object[attribute] = val; }); } } </script> <div id="navbar-iframe-container"></div> <script type="text/javascript" src="https://apis.google.com/js/plusone.js"></script> <script type="text/javascript"> gapi.load("gapi.iframes:gapi.iframes.style.bubble", function() { if (gapi.iframes && gapi.iframes.getContext) { gapi.iframes.getContext().openChild({ url: 'https://www.blogger.com/navbar.g?targetBlogID\x3d1486494308860355570\x26blogName\x3dCramer+Imaging+Test+Blog\x26publishMode\x3dPUBLISH_MODE_BLOGSPOT\x26navbarType\x3dLIGHT\x26layoutType\x3dLAYOUTS\x26searchRoot\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/search\x26blogLocale\x3den\x26v\x3d2\x26homepageUrl\x3dhttps://cramerimagingtest.blogspot.com/\x26vt\x3d2056425763519506056', where: document.getElementById("navbar-iframe-container"), id: "navbar-iframe" }); } }); </script><script type="text/javascript"> (function() { var script = document.createElement('script'); script.type = 'text/javascript'; script.src = '//pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/google_top_exp.js'; var head = document.getElementsByTagName('head')[0]; if (head) { head.appendChild(script); }})(); </script> <!-- CSS must load first--> <style> /* Search Box ----------------------------------------- */ #searchbox { position: absolute; top: 55px; background: transparent; width: 100%; padding: 10px; display: none; border: none; } #search-height { height: 100%; background: #000; position: fixed; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; top: 98px; opacity: .8; } #hide-search { position: relative; float: right; width: 20px; right: 18px; } #show-search { top: 15px; width: 25px; right: 5px; float: right; position: relative; } /* Social Icons ----------------------------------------- */ .social-icons img { width: 35px; } .social-icons p { position: relative; float: left; font-size: 16px; bottom: 8px; color: #000; font-weight: 700; letter-spacing: 1.5px; } .social-icons { position: relative; height: 40px; width: 250px; } #menu-height { position: relative; height: 15px; } /* Inner Hover Menu ----------------------------------------- */ .prl-offcanvas.prl-active .prl-offcanvas-bar.prl-offcanvas-bar-show { -webkit-transform: translateX(0%); transform: translateX(0%); } .prl-offcanvas-bar-flip { left: auto; right: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(100%); transform: translateX(100%); } .prl-offcanvas .prl-panel { margin: 20px 15px; color: #777; } .prl-offcanvas { /* darken main canvas area when menu is open */ display: none; position: fixed; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; z-index: 1010; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.6); } .prl-offcanvas.prl-active { display: block; } .prl-offcanvas-page { position: fixed; -webkit-transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; transition: margin-left .3s ease-in-out 50ms; } .prl-offcanvas-bar { /* directions to where to slide main canvas to when menu is open */ position: fixed; top: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; -webkit-transform: translateX(-100%); transform: translateX(-100%); z-index: 1011; width: 250px; max-width: 100%; background: #000; overflow-y: auto; overflow-x: hidden; -webkit-overflow-scrolling: touch; -webkit-transition: -webkit-transform .3s ease-in-out; transition: transform .3s ease-in-out; } .prl-nav-flip { position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .prl-nav-toggle { height: 50px; line-height: 50px; float: left; font-family: Georgia; vertical-align: middle; font-size: 18px; } .textcenter { text-align: center; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a { color: #666; } .prl-navbar .nav_menu_control a span.nav_menu_control_text { line-height: 50px; margin-left: 5px; text-transform: uppercase; } .sf-menu>li>a { font-weight: 400; } /* Menu Section ----------------------------------------- */ .sticky-nav,body.site-wide .sticky-nav { background-color: #000000; /* menu bar color*/ height: 55px; //border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; position: fixed; z-index: 100; width: 100%; left: 0; right: 0; box-shadow: 0 0 5px rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .prl-navbar.sticky-nav .nav-wrapper { -moz-box-shadow: none; -webkit-box-shadow: none; box-shadow: none; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu { margin-bottom: 0; } .sticky-nav .sf-menu>li>a { border: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-content { height: 40px; } .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: none; } .sticky-nav .prl-navbar-toggle-top { display: block; margin-left: 10px; } .side-nav { position: relative; display: block; top: 0; float: none; } .side-nav ul { width: 250px; list-style: none; //padding: 15px !important; margin: 0; //position: absolute; font-size: 20px; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; } .side-nav ul li { position: relative; //border: 1px solid #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding-top: 8px !important; padding-right: 8px !important; padding-bottom: 8px !important; padding-left: 5px !important; float: none !important; border-top: 1px solid #ffeef8; border-bottom: 1px solid #ffeef8; } #nav-list li { display: inline-block; width: 250px; } #nav-list li a { color: #ffeef8; margin: 0; padding: 5px; font-family: Georgia; float: none; font-size: 20px; display: block; } #nav-list_sub-list li a { padding-left: 30px; } .logo { //float: left; top: 5px; max-width: 280px; left: 20px; padding-top: 12px; } .nav_menu_control { height: 50px; } .nav_menu_control img { width: 30px; top: 17px; left: 5px; } .side-nav ul li:hover { background-color: #440044; } .quickedit { top: 25px; position: relative; } </style> <!--link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="https://rawgit.com/fahimraza/myblog/master/slideout_mobile_menu_public.css" /--> <nav id="nava" role="navigation" class="sticky-nav" style="top: 0px;"> <!--search box--> <form id="searchbox" method="get" action="/search"> <input name="q" type="text" id="search-in" size="19" value="Search" required /> <input name="m" type="hidden" value="1" /> <button type="submit" class="_54k8 _56bs _56b_ _56bw _56bu" id="u_0_1" data-sigil="touchable"><span class="_55sr">Go!</span></button> <img id="hide-search" src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-tKEvMrl1rNg/VlHno1INErI/AAAAAAAAEDM/p6QC4v0mUGg/s1600/rsz_close-icon.jpg" /> <div id="search-height"></div> </form> <!--end of search box--> <div class="prl-container"> <div class="nav-wrapper clearfix"> <!--img id="show-search" src="http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JJaM7cFOVhQ/VlHnpNl_awI/AAAAAAAAEDU/DoJe685oe7w/s1600/rsz_search-icon.png" /--><img id="show-search" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-aA7AhGIh6YY/Vka3Ce0IZXI/AAAAAAAAFXc/nT61INIc5mI/s800-Ic42/magnifying%252520glass.png" /> <div style="float:left;"> <div class="nav_menu_control"><a href="#" data-prl-offcanvas="{target:'#offcanvas'}"><!--img src="http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-pb2BSgtLzLA/VlHnpOZWKCI/AAAAAAAAEDQ/T3ujbHq-QXE/s1600/rsz_mobile-menu-icon.png"/--><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-xn294jeTBkM/VoXAVGz_nnI/AAAAAAAAFqE/dAu9_OaJmpw/s800-Ic42/mobile-menu-icon.png"/></a></div> </div> <div class="container"> <div class="left"> <a href="/?m=1"><img src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-C0LCX6y-TOM/VpBOXOKVGcI/AAAAAAAAFsk/TNrTYHlbxQA/s800-Ic42/title%252520and%252520logo.png" class="logo" alt="Cramer Imaging"/> </a></div> <div class="gradient"> <img width="100%" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-f10MtBqh1gM/Vkbu7xJrLpI/AAAAAAAAFYA/PkrjL8IXSIk/s800-Ic42/Gradient%252520Line.png" /> </div> <div class="clear"></div></div></div></div></nav><div style="clear: both;"></div> <!--Social Media Follow Buttons--> <div id="offcanvas" class="prl-offcanvas"> <div class="prl-offcanvas-bar"> <div class="social-icons" style="padding-top: 5px; background: #fff; padding-left: 5px;"> <p>Follow us: </p> <!--Facebook--> <a href="https://www.facebook.com/CramerImaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-KcO63-AIF3k/VpBBxunfdOI/AAAAAAAAFrg/J-6uoMp5fmw/s800-Ic42/facebook.png" /></a> <!--Twitter> <a href="https://twitter.com/Cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-fWnS_YBm4Fk/VkyJtu17mhI/AAAAAAAAEC0/7ujWxnTR9S0/s1600/Twitter-Logo.png" /></a--> <!--Pinterest--> <a href="https://www.pinterest.com/cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-r8pgwWVJKss/VpBBxmQaAbI/AAAAAAAAFrk/AeFzDI8udXk/s800-Ic42/Pinterest.png" /></a> <!--Instagram--> <a href="https://www.instagram.com/cramerimaging"><img border="0" src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-TFiWgXBKOU4/VpBBxtajzBI/AAAAAAAAFro/JAoPLJ3rfgg/s800-Ic42/Instagram.png" /></a> <!--end Social Media Follow Buttons--> </div> <!--Menu Navigation--> <nav class="side-nav"> <ul id="nav-list" class="nav-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Home</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/?m=1">Galleries</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/recent-photos.html">New Photos</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/">Nature</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/fineart/">Fine Art</a></li> <li><a href="http://store.cramerimaging.com/gallery/nature/album/1220457">Animals</a></li> <li><a href="http://cramerimaging.pixieset.com/">Previews </a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/faq.html?m=1">FAQ</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/index.html?m=1">Blog</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/about-us.html?m=1">About Us</a></li> <ul id="nav-list_sub-list" class="nav-list_sub-list"> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/artist-statement.html">Artist Statement</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/awards.html">Awards</a></li> </ul> <li><a href="http://www.cramerimaging.com/p/contact-us.html?m=1">Contact</a></li> </ul> </nav> <!--end Menu Navigation--> </div> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --> <!-- script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.11.3/jquery.min.js"></script -> <!-- script type='text/javascript' src='https://rawgit.com/101Helper/docs/master/slideout_mobile_menu.js'></script --></div> <script> $(document).ready(function(){ $("#hide-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").hide(); }); $("#show-search").click(function(){ $("#searchbox").show(); }); }); </script> <div id='menu-height'/> </div> <script> (function($, doc) { "use strict"; var UI = $.UIkit || {}; if (UI.fn) { return; } UI.fn = function(command, options) { var args = arguments, cmd = command.match(/^([a-z\-]+)(?:\.([a-z]+))?/i), component = cmd[1], method = cmd[2]; if (!UI[component]) { $.error("UIkit component [" + component + "] does not exist."); return this; } return this.each(function() { var $this = $(this), data = $this.data(component); if (!data) $this.data(component, (data = new UI[ component](this, method ? undefined : options))); if (method) data[method].apply(data, Array.prototype .slice.call(args, 1)); }); }; UI.version = '1.2.0'; UI.support = {}; UI.support.transition = (function() { var transitionEnd = (function() { var element = doc.body || doc.documentElement, transEndEventNames = { WebkitTransition: 'webkitTransitionEnd', MozTransition: 'transitionend', OTransition: 'oTransitionEnd otransitionend', transition: 'transitionend' }, name; for (name in transEndEventNames) { if (element.style[name] !== undefined) { return transEndEventNames[name]; } } }()); return transitionEnd && { end: transitionEnd }; })(); UI.support.touch = (('ontouchstart' in window) || window.DocumentTouch && document instanceof window.DocumentTouch); UI.support.mutationobserver = (window.MutationObserver || window.WebKitMutationObserver || window.MozMutationObserver || null); UI.Utils = {}; UI.Utils.debounce = function(func, wait, immediate) { var timeout; return function() { var context = this, args = arguments; var later = function() { timeout = null; if (!immediate) func.apply(context, args); }; var callNow = immediate && !timeout; clearTimeout(timeout); timeout = setTimeout(later, wait); if (callNow) func.apply(context, args); }; }; UI.Utils.options = function(string) { if ($.isPlainObject(string)) return string; var start = (string ? string.indexOf("{") : -1), options = {}; if (start != -1) { try { options = (new Function("", "var json = " + string.substr( start) + "; return JSON.parse(JSON.stringify(json));" ))(); } catch (e) {} } return options; }; $.UIkit = UI; $.fn.uk = UI.fn; $.UIkit.langdirection = $("html").attr("dir") == "rtl" ? "right" : "left"; $(function() { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); if (!UI.support.mutationobserver) return; var observer = new UI.support.mutationobserver(UI.Utils.debounce( function(mutations) { $(doc).trigger("prl-domready"); }, 300)); observer.observe(document.body, { childList: true, subtree: true }); }); })(jQuery, document);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Tab = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("tab")) return; this.element = $element; this.options = $.extend({ connect: false }, this.options, options); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect); } if (window.location.hash) { var active = this.element.children().filter(window.location .hash); if (active.length) { this.element.children().removeClass('prl-active').filter( active).addClass("prl-active"); } } var mobiletab = $( '<li class="prl-tab-responsive prl-active"><a href="javascript:void(0);"></a></li>' ), caption = mobiletab.find("a:first"), dropdown = $( '<div class="prl-dropdown prl-dropdown-small"><ul class="prl-nav prl-nav-dropdown"></ul><div>' ), ul = dropdown.find("ul"); caption.html(this.element.find("li.prl-active:first").find("a") .text()); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-bottom")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-up"); if (this.element.hasClass("prl-tab-flip")) dropdown.addClass( "prl-dropdown-flip"); this.element.find("a").each(function(i) { var tab = $(this).parent(), item = $('<li><a href="javascript:void(0);">' + tab.text() + '</a></li>').on("click", function(e) { $this.element.data("switcher").show(i); }); if (!$(this).parents(".prl-disabled:first").length) ul.append(item); }); this.element.uk("switcher", { "toggler": ">li:not(.prl-tab-responsive)", "connect": this.options.connect }); mobiletab.append(dropdown).uk("dropdown", { "mode": "click" }); this.element.append(mobiletab).data({ "dropdown": mobiletab.data("dropdown"), "mobilecaption": caption }).on("uk.switcher.show", function(e, tab) { mobiletab.addClass("prl-active"); caption.html(tab.find("a").text()); }); this.element.data("tab", this); }; UI["tab"] = Tab; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-tab]").each(function() { var tab = $(this); if (!tab.data("tab")) { var obj = new Tab(tab, UI.Utils.options(tab .attr("data-prl-tab"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var Switcher = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("switcher")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element.on("click", this.options.toggler, function(e) { e.preventDefault(); $this.show(this); }); if (this.options.connect) { this.connect = $(this.options.connect).find(".prl-active").removeClass( ".prl-active").end(); var active = this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active"); if (active.length) { this.show(active); } } this.element.data("switcher", this); }; $.extend(Switcher.prototype, { options: { connect: false, toggler: ">*" }, show: function(tab) { tab = isNaN(tab) ? $(tab) : this.element.find(this.options .toggler).eq(tab); var active = tab; if (active.hasClass("prl-disabled")) return; this.element.find(this.options.toggler).filter( ".prl-active").removeClass("prl-active"); active.addClass("prl-active"); if (this.options.connect && this.connect.length) { var index = this.element.find(this.options.toggler) .index(active); this.connect.children().removeClass( "prl-active").eq(index).addClass( "prl-active"); } this.element.trigger("uk.switcher.show", [active]); } }); UI["switcher"] = Switcher; $(document).on("prl-domready", function(e) { $("[data-prl-switcher]").each(function() { var switcher = $(this); if (!switcher.data("switcher")) { var obj = new Switcher(switcher, UI.Utils.options( switcher.attr( "data-prl-switcher"))); } }); }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; var active = false, Dropdown = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("dropdown")) return; this.options = $.extend({}, this.options, options); this.element = $element; this.dropdown = this.element.find(".prl-dropdown"); this.centered = this.dropdown.hasClass("prl-dropdown-center"); this.justified = this.options.justify ? $(this.options.justify) : false; this.boundary = $(this.options.boundary); if (!this.boundary.length) { this.boundary = $(window); } if (this.options.mode == "click") { this.element.on("click", function(e) { if (!$(e.target).parents(".prl-dropdown").length) { e.preventDefault(); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } if (!$this.element.hasClass("prl-open")) { $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; $(document).off("click.outer.dropdown"); setTimeout(function() { $(document).on( "click.outer.dropdown", function(e) { if (active && active[0] == $this.element[0] && ($(e.target).is( "a") || !$this.element .find( ".prl-dropdown" ).find(e.target) .length)) { active.removeClass( "prl-open" ); $(document).off( "click.outer.dropdown" ); } }); }, 10); } else { if ($(e.target).is("a") || !$this.element.find( ".prl-dropdown").find(e.target).length) { $this.element.removeClass("prl-open"); active = false; } } }); } else { this.element.on("mouseenter", function(e) { if ($this.remainIdle) { clearTimeout($this.remainIdle); } if (active && active[0] != $this.element[0]) { active.removeClass("prl-open"); } $this.checkDimensions(); $this.element.addClass("prl-open"); active = $this.element; }).on("mouseleave", function() { $this.remainIdle = setTimeout(function() { $this.element.removeClass( "prl-open"); $this.remainIdle = false; if (active && active[0] == $this.element[ 0]) active = false; }, $this.options.remaintime); }); } this.element.data("dropdown", this); }; $.extend(Dropdown.prototype, { remainIdle: false, options: { "mode": "hover", "remaintime": 800, "justify": false, "boundary": $(window) }, checkDimensions: function() { if (!this.dropdown.length) return; var dropdown = this.dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit .langdirection, "").css("min-width", ""), offset = dropdown.show().offset(), width = dropdown.outerWidth(), boundarywidth = this.boundary.width(), boundaryoffset = this.boundary.offset() ? this.boundary .offset().left : 0; if (this.centered) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ( parseFloat(width) / 2 - dropdown.parent() .width() / 2) * -1); offset = dropdown.offset(); if ((width + offset.left) > boundarywidth || offset.left < 0) { dropdown.css("margin-" + $.UIkit.langdirection, ""); offset = dropdown.offset(); } } if (this.justified && this.justified.length) { var jwidth = this.justified.outerWidth(); dropdown.css("min-width", jwidth); if ($.UIkit.langdirection == 'right') { var right1 = boundarywidth - (this.justified .offset().left + jwidth), right2 = boundarywidth - (dropdown.offset() .left + dropdown.outerWidth()); dropdown.css("margin-right", right1 - right2); } else { dropdown.css("margin-left", this.justified.offset() .left - offset.left); } offset = dropdown.offset(); } if ((width + (offset.left - boundaryoffset)) > boundarywidth) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-flip"); offset = dropdown.offset(); } if (offset.left < 0) { dropdown.addClass("prl-dropdown-stack"); } dropdown.css("display", ""); } }); UI["dropdown"] = Dropdown; var triggerevent = UI.support.touch ? "touchstart" : "mouseenter"; $(document).on(triggerevent + ".dropdown.uikit", "[data-prl-dropdown]", function(e) { var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("dropdown")) { var dropdown = new Dropdown(ele, UI.Utils.options(ele.data( "prl-dropdown"))); if (triggerevent == "mouseenter" && dropdown.options.mode == "hover") { ele.trigger("mouseenter"); } } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($, UI) { "use strict"; if (UI.support.touch) { $("html").addClass("prl-touch"); } var $win = $(window), $doc = $(document), Offcanvas = { show: function(element) { element = $(element); if (!element.length) return; var doc = $("html"), bar = element.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"), dir = bar.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-flip") ? -1 : 1, scrollbar = dir == -1 && $win.width() < window.innerWidth ? (window.innerWidth - $win.width()) : 0; scrollpos = { x: window.scrollX, y: window.scrollY }; element.addClass("prl-active"); doc.css({ "width": window.innerWidth, "height": window.innerHeight }).addClass("prl-offcanvas-page"); doc.css("margin-left", ((bar.outerWidth() - scrollbar) * dir)).width(); bar.addClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show").width(); element.off(".ukoffcanvas").on( "click.ukoffcanvas swipeRight.ukoffcanvas swipeLeft.ukoffcanvas", function(e) { var target = $(e.target); if (!e.type.match(/swipe/)) { if (target.hasClass("prl-offcanvas-bar")) return; if (target.parents( ".prl-offcanvas-bar:first").length) return; } e.stopImmediatePropagation(); Offcanvas.hide(); }); $doc.on('keydown.offcanvas', function(e) { if (e.keyCode === 27) { Offcanvas.hide(); } }); }, hide: function(force) { var doc = $("html"), panel = $(".prl-offcanvas.prl-active"), bar = panel.find(".prl-offcanvas-bar:first"); if (!panel.length) return; if ($.UIkit.support.transition && !force) { doc.one($.UIkit.support.transition.end, function() { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr( "style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); }).css("margin-left", ""); setTimeout(function() { bar.removeClass( "prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); }, 50); } else { doc.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-page").attr("style", ""); panel.removeClass("prl-active"); bar.removeClass("prl-offcanvas-bar-show"); window.scrollTo(scrollpos.x, scrollpos.y); } panel.off(".ukoffcanvas"); $doc.off(".ukoffcanvas"); } }, scrollpos; var OffcanvasTrigger = function(element, options) { var $this = this, $element = $(element); if ($element.data("offcanvas")) return; this.options = $.extend({ "target": $element.is("a") ? $element.attr("href") : false }, options); this.element = $element; $element.on("click", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); Offcanvas.show($this.options.target); }); this.element.data("offcanvas", this); }; OffcanvasTrigger.offcanvas = Offcanvas; UI["offcanvas"] = OffcanvasTrigger; $doc.on("click.offcanvas.uikit", "[data-prl-offcanvas]", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); var ele = $(this); if (!ele.data("offcanvas")) { var obj = new OffcanvasTrigger(ele, UI.Utils.options( ele.attr("data-prl-offcanvas"))); ele.trigger("click"); } }); })(jQuery, jQuery.UIkit);; (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.jAccordion = function() { var $this = $(this); $this.find("section").each(function(idx) { var section = $(this); if (idx === 0) section.addClass('active').find( 'div.acc-content').slideDown(); section.find('a.head').on("click", function() { var handle = $(this); handle.parent().toggleClass('active'); if (handle.parent().hasClass('active')) { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideDown(); } else { handle.next('div.acc-content').slideUp(); } return false; }); }); }; })(jQuery);; (function($) { $.fn.jflickrfeed = function(settings, callback) { settings = $.extend(true, { flickrbase: 'http://api.flickr.com/services/feeds/', feedapi: 'photos_public.gne', limit: 20, qstrings: { lang: 'en-us', format: 'json', jsoncallback: '?' }, cleanDescription: true, useTemplate: true, itemTemplate: '', itemCallback: function() {} }, settings); var url = settings.flickrbase + settings.feedapi + '?'; var first = true; for (var key in settings.qstrings) { if (!first) url += '&'; url += key + '=' + settings.qstrings[key]; first = false; } return $(this).each(function() { var $container = $(this); var container = this; $.getJSON(url, function(data) { $.each(data.items, function(i, item) { if (i < settings.limit) { if (settings.cleanDescription) { var regex = /<p>(.*?)<\/p>/g; var input = item.description; if (regex.test( input)) { item.description = input.match( regex)[ 2] if (item.description != undefined) item.description = item.description .replace( '<p>', '').replace( '</p>', ''); } } item['image_s'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_s'); item['image_t'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_t'); item['image_m'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_m'); item['image'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', ''); item['image_b'] = item.media .m.replace('_m', '_b'); delete item.media; if (settings.useTemplate) { var template = settings.itemTemplate; for (var key in item) { var rgx = new RegExp( '{{' + key + '}}', 'g'); template = template.replace( rgx, item[ key ]); } $container.append( template) } settings.itemCallback.call( container, item ); } }); if ($.isFunction(callback)) { callback.call(container, data); } }); }); } })(jQuery); (function(a) { a.fn.jqinstapics = function(b) { var c = { user_id: null, access_token: null, count: 10 }; var d = a.extend(c, b); return this.each(function() { var b = a(this), c = "https://api.instagram.com/v1/users/" + d.user_id + "/media/recent?access_token=" + d.access_token + "&count=" + d.count + "&callback=?"; a.getJSON(c, function(c) { a.each(c.data, function(c, d) { var e = a("<a/>", { href: d.link, target: "_blank" }).appendTo(b), f = a("<img/>", { src: d.images.thumbnail .url }).appendTo(e); if (d.caption) { f.attr("title", d.caption .text) } }) }); if (d.user_id == null || d.access_token == null) { b.append( "<li>Please specify a User ID and Access Token, as outlined in the docs.</li>" ) } }) } })(jQuery); (function($) { "use strict"; $.fn.fitVids = function(options) { var settings = { customSelector: null }; if (!document.getElementById('fit-vids-style')) { var div = document.createElement('div'), ref = document.getElementsByTagName('base')[0] || document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0], cssStyles = '&shy;<style>.fluid-width-video-wrapper{width:100%;position:relative;padding:0;}.fluid-width-video-wrapper iframe,.fluid-width-video-wrapper object,.fluid-width-video-wrapper embed {position:absolute;top:0;left:0;width:100%;height:100%;}</style>'; div.className = 'fit-vids-style'; div.id = 'fit-vids-style'; div.style.display = 'none'; div.innerHTML = cssStyles; ref.parentNode.insertBefore(div, ref); } if (options) { $.extend(settings, options); } return this.each(function() { var selectors = ["iframe[src*='player.vimeo.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube.com']", "iframe[src*='youtube-nocookie.com']", "iframe[src*='kickstarter.com'][src*='video.html']", "object", "embed" ]; if (settings.customSelector) { selectors.push(settings.customSelector); } var $allVideos = $(this).find(selectors.join(',')); $allVideos = $allVideos.not("object object"); $allVideos.each(function() { var $this = $(this); if (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'embed' && $this.parent('object').length || $this.parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').length ) { return; } var height = (this.tagName.toLowerCase() === 'object' || ($this.attr( 'height') && !isNaN( parseInt($this.attr( 'height'), 10)))) ? parseInt($this.attr('height'), 10) : $this.height(), width = !isNaN(parseInt($this.attr( 'width'), 10)) ? parseInt($this .attr('width'), 10) : $this.width(), aspectRatio = height / width; if (!$this.attr('id')) { var videoID = 'fitvid' + Math.floor( Math.random() * 999999); $this.attr('id', videoID); } $this.wrap( '<div class="fluid-width-video-wrapper"></div>' ).parent( '.fluid-width-video-wrapper').css( 'padding-top', (aspectRatio * 100) + "%"); $this.removeAttr('height').removeAttr( 'width'); }); }); }; })(window.jQuery || window.Zepto); </script>

How Important is Lens Brand on Photo Quality?

I had a question come up on social media recently.  One of my followers had a question about the importance of lens brand on photo quality.  It was a good enough question that I felt I needed to address it here in a longer form.  So, here's the question of the day: "How important is lens brand on photo quality?"

Cramer Imaging's photograph of a Bower extreme telephoto camera lens

The Short Answer


The short answer to this question is "sort-of."  It can matter depending upon your individual circumstances.  These circumstances can be broad or deeply involved.  The long answer to this question is much more involved.

The Longer Answer


When it comes to lens quality, brand doesn't matter as much as it sounds like (at least initially).  What matters is how the lens performs.  Is it sharp?  Does it add in issues such as chromatic aberration?  Does the lens lose sharpness at the edges when using the full lens for a photo?  How well constructed is the lens?  Is it waterproofed?  Is the lens compatible with your camera body?  The list goes on.

Cramer Imaging's photograph of a Nikon camera lens
These are the kinds of questions you should be asking when it comes to lens quality.  You need to ask about construction and quality.  If a no-name brand can provide that quality of product, then there's no reason why you shouldn't consider that lens over a pricier lens with a known brand name.

Now, that being said, well-known brands build their reputation on quality.  They build top quality products which produce top quality results.  Companies like Nikon and Zeiss are well-known for top quality glass.  They don't make junk their prices reflect that.  If they did put junky lenses out on the market, their reputations would be destroyed and they would not be able to charge the prices they do.

I was recently in the market for a new wide angle lens for my landscape photography.  I did some research into different lenses available.  My research included well-known brand names and no-name brands as I wanted to not pay any more than I have to for the right camera lens.  I was surprised to learn that several of the off-brands were performing very well in the space.  I adjusted my shopping to include some of those brands as well.  I weighed my options and chose the lens which I felt was the right choice for me and my photography.

Cramer Imaging's photograph of a Tamron telephoto camera lens
Tamron is just such a lens company based in Japan
Another consideration is something which I discovered a few years ago.  I was dreaming of the day when I might be able to enjoy my Nikon camera with some beautiful new Zeiss glass in front.  Then I learned that Nikon does not allow for auto-focusing for lens brands which are not headquartered in Japan.  I think the reason is something to do with international treaties.  I would have to look it up to be certain.  Don't quote me on the international treaties part until you confirm it yourself independently.

In my case, while brand matters less than quality construction and performance, I did have to remove several different brands from my shopping list due to the fact that my camera will not auto-focus those brands of lenses.  Your case may be very different from mine.

Conclusion


The take-away message here is to do your research and don't be afraid to consider brands which you haven't heard of if they will meet your photography requirements.  Lens brand matters less than quality in matters like this.  However, make sure that the lens you choose will work with the camera body you have or you will be wasting your money.

Instagram